The Canadian government has allowed tribal gambling on reservation land to be controlled by the First Nations since 1985. Within these reserves, wagering practices were down to the discretion of the tribes and could happen despite Canada’s strict approach to gambling. However, it wasn’t until the mid-1990s that Canadian tribal casinos and gaming clubs could open their doors.
Indeed, 1995 became a turning point for tribal gambling. This year marked the creation of the First Nations Gaming Act by the Saskatchewan Indian Gaming Authority (SIGA). The Gaming Act, which was passed into law the following year, allowed tribes to regulate gambling establishments. Consequently, this saw the rise of Canadian casino properties on Saskatchewan tribal land. The year 1996 also marked the establishment of the second tribal gambling authority, the Kahnawake Gaming Commission (KGC). This body rewards licences to tribal gambling operators within this region.
Over the past 25+ years, many more tribal gambling venues have opened their doors. Today, there are 18 Canadian tribal casinos within the country in total. You can find seven of these casinos in Saskatchewan, along with five Alberta casinos and two in Manitoba. There are also three Ontario casino venues and one in British Columbia.
Each Canadian tribal casino is governed by regulatory bodies in individual provinces. As charitable Canada casinos, the profits from gambling at these premises are put back into public funds and tribal trusts to benefit all provincial First Nations.